Tag Archives: United States

Climate Modification and Volcanoes

Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.

Climate Modification and Volcanoes

The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.

It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.

Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.

In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.

One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.

Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.

Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.

Effective Solution To Financial Borrowing Mismanagement debt Negotiation

When an individual is in deep mire of debt and no efforts at correction are effective to stop the downturn, what does one do? It is surely not the end, but its time to be patient and adopt a practical approach to tackle the debt trap. The individual should try to negotiate debt to handle this debt situation effectively. debt negotiation involves understanding the amount you owe to the lender, negotiating with the lender to arrive at a new discounted amount. Home loans and credit card loans are examples where one can negotiate debt.

In recent times, the United States is experiencing an increase in loan defaults. According to OCC and OTS reports in April 2009, the fourth quarter of 2008 saw home loans register a delinquency of 2.4 percent from 1.1 percent for third quarter. In credit card sections, Bank of America registered default rate of 10.4% in April 2009. The figures confirm the problem at hand; hence, debt negotiation should be looked at a very important option of getting your way out of the financial cauldron.

Curbing your financial expenses should be the first step if you seriously want to negotiate debt. Rationalizing spending is key to financial control and any debt negotiation should not be taken up unless there is a tight leash on expenditure. So what makes the lender negotiate the debt? With negotiation, the lender spends less time, money and efforts in recovering the loan. The major benefit for the lender is that there is some amount that is recovered, which would otherwise be lost, if the borrower files for bankruptcy.

Also, getting into legal methods to recover the loan would involve money and time. Further, the credit companies are always aware of the fact that a certain percentage of loans will default, hence if they can salvage some amount from the lost cause, it definitely would improves their financial position. Hence, in such tight financial situations world over, debt negotiation assumes significance for the creditors as well.

There are two ways to counter financial mismanagement, debt consolidation and debt negotiation. Debt consolidation means rather than paying for all cards you can close all cards and put the outstanding amount on one card. It helps in keeping track on the repayments and lower interest rates from the negotiators. debt negotiation can be done when the borrower is neither able to pay off the entire amount, nor able to pay the monthly payments for the past 3 months. In short, an individual can negotiate debt and mutually agree upon a lower amount than the total outstanding amount, which is accepted by the creditor as full and final payment towards the total due.

Ways To Reduce Your Credit Card Debt To Zero

People saddled with credit card debt is a serious problem in the United States of America. The interest rates that are charged for these cards would vary between 10 to 35 percent, depending on which bank that the cards are coming from. These high interest rates in actual fact, make it almost impossible for one to pay off these debts, especially for those consumers who are only able to make the minimum repayments due. In fact, this method may end up costing you thousands of dollars in the long run. This is honestly, the main reason why getting out of debt is so difficult.

Having said the above, however, when there’s a will, there’s a way. Do you want to know how to reduce your credit card debt? Well, you have come to the right place. Firstly, reducing credit card debt is easy if you can firmly desist from impulse buying. Of course, this is easier said than done. For shopaholics out there, you know you are! You might want try the following methods to reduce your credit card debt. Please be warned that it can be painful as you face the truth how much you have paid that just accounts for the interest portion, but sometimes this is necessary for us to wake up from dream land and face reality.

Firstly, you need to list all the credit cards that you have, starting with the one that has the highest amount of interest due and the lowest should be at the bottom of your list. After having done that, you will then need to total your minimum monthly repayments. You will then review your budget so that you can find out if you can get additional savings to contribute towards paying your debt. You will be surprised how much savings you will be able to accumulate just by analyzing your budget. We tend to overlook the small savings, but added up could mean a tidy sum, which would result in lower amount of interest charge!

Lastly, what is the final step if you want to learn how to reduce credit card debt? It involves paying the minimum amount that is required for each of these cards until the first card on your list is fully paid for. You will then continue this process until the others cards have no outstanding balances. That’s it! Good luck in your endeavor to becoming debt free.

Tips For Individuals Who Want To Borrow From Private Money Lenders

If you are one of those who are looking for , this could be an indication that you have just fallen into a financial emergency. This happens to almost anybody not only in the United States but all across the world. To date, the fact remains that there is a very small percentage of the society that does not run out of money but a big part of the population needs options just in case they do.

For some of us, borrowing money from family members is not an option so is borrowing through credit cards either because you have reached your credit limit or you have a bad credit. This is where private money lenders come in. Individuals who have gotten into an unexpected expense but do not have the cash at this moment are the most common borrowers of private money loans. offer short term loans to people who have had a hard time borrowing money from banks or other traditional lenders.

If you need to borrow financing from private money lenders, collect personal data that may be relevant to your search for lenders. Gather all important papers in advance. Oftentimes, you will need to present a proof of income and other financial documents including bank statements in advance. You can search for lenders online. You can find them listed in the investment bank section of your Yellow Pages. You may also look for names on the Internet. Asking contacts from banks or credit unions will also be helpful. These financial institutions will be able to assist you in finding lenders in your local area.

Once you find a private money lender, be prepared to explain you situation. Ask for a loan application form and fill it out. Be honest with any information that you put in your application. Lenders will have their ways of finding out whether or not you are telling the truth. Always ask for a timeline so that you will have an idea as to when to expect feedback.

If you are borrowing private money loans to finance your real estate investment, prepare exit strategies that you can use as fallback. For instance, you can sell the house after two years. You may also choose to apply for refinancing. Finding private money lenders is not as difficult as what most of us think. Maximize your resources and you are sure to find one who can help you with your needs. For a list of lenders in your area, go to .

Money Exchange Rates For Dummies

One of the major issues you have to deal with when traveling to a foreign country is currency, and the various money exchange rates. The currency in each country is remarkable different from your own, and this fluctuates on a daily basis. Even though Canadian currency is found in the United States, quite often many people will not accept it. This is because the value of a Canadian quarter is not the same as the value of an American quarter.

When you’re traveling to a foreign country, you have a few options. Generally, you’ll always be able to find a place in the airport to exchange your currency for that of the country you are entering. Keep in mind, money exchange rates constantly fluctuate. The amount of money you received for five hundred US dollars the year before, will not match what you are offered today. You can get a general idea by searching the web for money exchange rates. Many sites will also have a calculator to help you convert your base currency into another one. It’s a pretty nice tool to use, but again, remember, this will only give you the rate at that particular moment.

Quite often, when you exchange your money for another currency at a bank or airport, you will be charged a fee for the service. Many people skip this fee by using credit and debit cards when overseas. The only problem with this is that you may not find an automatic teller machine that will accept your card. Before you leave, talk with your bank about your trip, and they should be able to find out if you can find ATMs in your point of destination or not.

Another consideration when using another currency on vacation is the huge difference in value. Yen and Pounds are vastly different than the US dollar, and it may be very easy for you to become confused. Add the constant flux of money exchange rates, and you double your confusion. Pay attention to the value of the money you are receiving as it relates to your own currency, so you have a general idea of what things should cost, and when you are being ripped off.

Even making purchases online can be tricky. If you are ordering merchandise from another country, you will have to worry about money exchange rates. This is important if you are using an international money order. In this case, you must figure out the exchange rate before you buy, and hope it hasnt fluctuated too much before the payment arrives. Many people will not accept international money orders for this reason, and also because there may be a huge fee involved for them when they cash it in.

Understanding money exchange rates can be a little tricky at first, but with a little research and effort you can quickly get a handle on it.

Will Interest Rates on Direct Loans Rise in the Future

As the interest rate on federal student loans has seen an increase in the past year (starting on July 1, 2014) some are worried that the rise in Direct Loans is going to cause a problem. In the 2013-14 school year, Direct Loans saw a record low in interest rates at just 3.86 percent for undergraduate students and 5.41 percent for graduate students.

For the 2014-15 school year, however, these numbers have rise and now Direct Loans carry a 4.66 percent interest rate for undergraduates and 6.21 percent for graduates. That doesn’t seem like such a large increase, but why is it such a concern.

Some economists believe that instead of trying to raise the interest rate in order to collect more money from the students that are borrowing on these Direct Loans that the interest should be dropped below it’s record point in 2013-14. They have explained that dropping the interest rate even lower will result in lower monthly payments, thus avoiding defaults and delinquencies, which has become a large problem in the United States.

With the student loan debt now topping over $1 trillion in America, there may be a point to that. If every student is able to pay the extra $2 to $3 per month that will result in this interest rate on time, then it will only make a small dent into the national debt. If dropping the interest rate in half would result in saving students an extra $5 or so per month, it wouldn’t make a huge difference for them either.

Learning in college nowadays is usually challenging. The rising price of education is making many Americans find it difficult to manage their money. The U. S. government seeks to address this need of countless American households to supply education for his or her children after high school through a program which offers direct loans to students to cover their college training.

Technically, there has to be an interest rate on Direct Loans or else the Federal Government would not be receiving any money at all in return. However, the problem with debt and defaults has become such a problem that lowering the interest back to its record low points is certainly something to consider.

For more information on student loans and to receive updates about news regarding student loans, log onto www.afbcenter.com to get the scoop from American Financial Benefits Center today!

Get excellent information on .Visit to know more about American Financial Benefits Center.

Resveratrol Has A Huge Market

Resveratrol is a major phytoalexin. It can inhibit cancer, lower blood lipids, prevent cardiovascular disease, anti-oxidation and slow down aging. It has been called as a green anti-cancer drug after paclitaxel. Resveratrol is extracted primarily from grape skins and polygonum cuspidatum plant. In recent years, Europe and the United States have developed it into a health food. There are tablets, capsules and oral liquid dosage forms.
There are a dozen of Chinese manufacturers producing resveratrol natural pure extract. Most of their products are for export. At present, the market price of the product in about 18,000 to 20,000 RMB / kg. Currently, in Europe and the United States has approved the listing of resveratrol high-end finished products (including drugs and health products) for almost thousand kinds, about 200 million global users of the goods, and an average annual growth rate of 50 million. Resveratrol preparations It is estimated that sales in the next eight years to reach 500 million to 800 million U.S. dollars, will form a very huge industry. Preparation market expansion will further promote the growth of its demand for raw materials.
In 2003, China adopted a large-scale medicinal plant cell culture artificial technology, it solved major technological bottlenecks for large-scale extraction of resveratrol. The unique Chinese herbal medicine Polygonum cuspidatum resveratrol content is also very high, has been using 95% ethanol reflux extraction, or 70% acetone extract, process complexity, high cost of production. China’s first to develop a microbial fermentation enzyme technology, one-time extraction of crude content increased by 8 times than the traditional process, but also shortens the production cycle.
At present, many research institutions and universities are stepping up studies of resveratrol synthesis process, China has developed a five-step extraction of resveratrol process, the yield up more than 20%. In addition, the process of companies to develop successful two-step method to extract resveratrol and irinotecan. Synthesis process is expected to break the bottleneck of the plant material, reduce production costs to achieve large-scale production.
Due to technology limitations, the purity of resveratrol production is poor in China. There are used or exported in the form of raw material mixture. The products added value is sharply. For example, 95% purity resveratrol has a huge market demand in the field of pharmaceuticals, biological products, and health functional food (the total value of Chinese medicines and health functions food market is up to $ 12.2 billion), The price in international market is about $ 11,000 / kg with a good economic value. Only a few in China can produce it, there is a big gap in the market.
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Books To Help Finance Your Projects After Film Courses

You are determined to become a filmmaker. You’ve already taken your first step: applying to film schools. In Canada and abroad, there are many choices. Your life feels ripe with possibility. But you have one fear that haunts you. You wonder if you will really have what it takes after graduation from film courses to make your dreams come true. You have plenty of ideas for movies, that’s for sure. But that doesn’t mean that you know how to finance one. Here are three book ideas to calm these kinds of fears, common amongst new applicants to film schools.

1. 43 Ways to Finance Your Feature Film by John W. Cones

In this book, entertainment lawyer John Cones shares his insider knowledge gleaned from almost two decades helping independent filmmakers navigate the multifaceted world of movie financing. Although the author is based in Los Angeles – where else? – the book includes a discussion of financing from countries other than the United States, and is, therefore, appropriate for new applicants to film schools in Canada and abroad.

This book may turn up on the curriculum of your film courses, but there’s no harm in beginning your research early. Reading on your own increases the likelihood that when you do finally graduate that you will have a firm grounding in such topics as:

industry financing (What is this? It is basically funding by your peers, i.e., other, more established graduates of film schools)
investor financing
lender financing

2. The Fundraising Houseparty: How to Get Charitable Donations From Individuals in a Houseparty Setting by Morrie Warshawski

Although this book could be of use to any kind of fundraiser, it is written with filmmakers in mind. The author explains how graduates of film schools can organize a compelling event, touching on such details as:

planning committees
invitations
food and drink
presentations
thank yous

Warshawski emphasizes the importance of graduates of film courses appealing to the emotions of their potential donors, something to which their craft, fortunately, is uniquely well suited. What is the role of film schools if not to teach students how to appeal to the emotions of their audience?

3. Shaking the Money Tree, 3rd Edition: The Art of Getting Grants and Donations for Film and Video, also by Morrie Warshawski

In this book, Warshawski tackles that topic of supreme interest to staff and students of film schools in Canada and abroad: how to write a winning grant application. This kind of knowledge can even help students in film schools finance their productions for film courses.

If you are anxiously awaiting a wave of fateful letters from films schools in Canada and elsewhere in the world, calm your nerves by advancing your studies on your own. Who knows, it may help you finance one of your film school’s productions once you finally do get that longed for acceptance letter!

Two Famous Franchise Companies Of United State

Owning franchises in the USA is exact one way to create money for yourself and for your concern. There are complete sorts of motives why anyone might want to invest in a franchise on their own, and there certainly are few accepted franchises in the United States.

If you have ever wanted to know about what’s required when owning a franchise of a certain group then here is the knowledge that you require. Here’s a trivia inquiry that you can catch home to your family, although: what franchise has been ranked #1 many times over? You possibly could very well presume what it is, and if you were thinking McDonald’s Restaurant you were closely right. There have several times when McDonalds Restaurant has been ranked #1 for the food category it’s been placed in, but here are some other interesting facts about owning a McDonald’s franchise:

The McDonald’s Franchise

McDonald’s Corporation is one of the world’s largest chain of hamburger fast food restaurants, serving nearly 47 million customers daily and more than 11,000 McDonald’s franchises all over the United States.

McDonald’s has seen enormous growth in the restaurant level over dozens of times and it has basically created a world filled with Chicken McNuggets, Big Macs, and Ronald McDonald characters.

In order to have a McDonald’s franchise about the only thing that is essential of the franchisee is to have a cash liquidity value of about $100,000. In addition, the franchise fee for owning a McDonald’s is set right at about $45,000 and the total investment that one is required to put forth when creating a McDonald’s franchise restaurant altogether is somewhere between half-a-million dollars and one-and-a-half million dollars.

Burger King

Burger King is a global chain of hamburger fast food restaurants headquartered in unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. The company started as a franchise restaurant chain, based in Jacksonville, Florida in 1953.

The franchise fee is more, the total franchise investment is more, but the only thing that is less is actually the royalty fee, which is just around five percent. Burger King franchise price exact double what a McDonald’s franchisee is required to have offered and pay.

These are two of the most accepted franchises throughout the United States. The McDonald’s Corporation is definitely the best one, but the comparison up against their fast food restaurant rival, Burger King, is interesting as well.

The complexities of the subject matter within this article strive to give you a better look at what this subject is all about.

Production Volume Growth, Mpv Market Has Become Hot

The past two years, MPV market rapidly growth, has allowed many enterprises to the charm of this big cake irresistible. According to China Automotive Technology Research Center released data shows that the first half of this year, China produced a total of MPV 18.94 million units, year-on-year up 136.68 percent, sales MPV 16.23 million units, year-on-year increase of more than 100%, reached 101.47%. In the whole passenger car market, MPV become one of the fastest growth market segments.

The data also shows that sales in the first half of the top 10 MPV models had six types of independent brand car; accounted for half of the MPV market. Now, in the MPV own brands market, in addition to jianghuai refine, the grand hiace and so on models have also been won a place in the market.

MPV has across multiple-market segments.

It is can be seen that MPV market performance in the first half of this year continued the good momentum of 2009 growth, the rate of growth has been exceeded sedan and even more than rapidly increase SUV model (growth rate of 87.06 percent year on year), which has let entered MPV market independent brands enterprises, including BYD, etc. will impact the future of the market.

In fact, MPV product is not for a niche market,” Minister of Brilliance Duyuan Peng said in an interview, it is because the MPV product is a versatile car, so it may be in various market segments have their own audience. For instance, it can be used for commercial, public, private, or can be used for logistics, which is why the MPV market in the whole passenger car market growing fastest reason.

The traditional impression of MPV, people thinks that MPV is only one passenger car segment, but it is because of the particular product form and performance, you can let the audience throughout the various market segments, while the needs of their current base already large and still expanding. In the first half year grand hiace reached 70% or 80%.

In Europe, United States, Japan and South Korea these mature cars countries, MPV popularity is very high, its sales accounted for about 10%, most are oriented to domestic markets. For example, in Japan, MPV market share of about 30%; and in the United States, MPV and SUV accounted for 55% market share, every three people will have an MPV in the United States. While in China, the current MPV’s market share less than 5%, if calculated at 10% share, the domestic MPV market will reach millions scale. BYD is very optimistic about the future potential of this market, with 421 families in China increased; in the future MPV market will maintain rapid growth, BYD M6 at this time of listing, is to seize this opportunity.